Lesson No 17 (6 hours)

 

Theme. 1. Female reproductive system. Structure, position and function of ovary. Uterus development, shape, parts, structure and topography. Uterine tubes.

2. Structure and topography of vagina, external reproductive organs and urethra. Topography of small pelvis organs on female.

3. Perineal muscles and fasciae on male and female. Radiograph anatomy of urinary and reproductive organs.

 

Am: To study functonal peculartes of female reproductive organs. Study the functonal peculartes of structure of perneum n male and female. To recognise urinary and reproductive organs on  radiographs.

 

Professonal orientation of students: Study the structure and topography of female gental organs and urethra s necessary for therapy and surgery n gynaecology, obstatry. Knowledge about anatomy endocrne part of ovares s the base for physology and clnc endocrnology. The female genital organs consist of an internal and an external group. The internal organs are situated within the pelvis, and consist of the ovaries, the uterine tubes, the uterus, and the vagina. The external organs are placed below the urogenital diaphragm and below and in front of the pubic arch.

Study the structure perneum n male and female s necessary for surgery n gynaecology, abstaetry and urology. The perineum corresponds to the outlet of the pelvis. Its deep boundaries are in front, the pubic arch and the arcuate ligament of the pubis; behind, the tip of the coccyx; and on either side the inferior rami of the pubis and ischium, and the sacrotuberous ligament. Knowledge about anatomy of pelvc daphragm and schorectal fossa s the base for physology and clnc proctology.

 

I.                  Practical work 9:00-12:00 am (4 hours)

1)    Work 1. Preparing of ovary.

Cut an ovary in frontal plane on two parts on humid preparation. To determine cortex and medulla matters.. To find the immature ovules in cork layer, which are present in small vesicles of primary follicle. Try to find and show corpus luteum.

 

Work 2. Uterus preparing.

To fix humid uterus preparation and make a frontal cut through uterus cavity by scalpel. After front wall separation find and show uterus and uterus cavity parts, palmate folds in uterus neck channel and external uterine opening on uterus cervix.

 

Work 3. Preparing of ischiorectal fossa.

To make a skin cut from left ischial tuber to right one on humid pelvis preparation. The cut line must be curved in front. To make a middle second skin cut perpendicularly to first one. To lead formed four pieces into side. To uncover superficial fascia and than deep one. To find pair dip prismatic excavation, which contains fat tissue, vessels and nerves. To detach fatty cellulose and demonstrate ischiorectal fossa.

 

2)    Individual Students Program.

1.                 Dvson of female sex organs nto external and nternal.

2.                 nternal sex organs.

3.                 Ovary, structure, topography, functon, and fxatng apparatus.

4.                 Ovary s the organ of nternal secreton.

5.                 Tubae uternae, structure, topography, functon.

6.                 Uterne, ts structure, topography, functon.

7.                 Lgaments and mesenterc of the uterus.

8.                 Physologcal poston of the uterus.

9.                 Defects of development of uterus and organs.

10.            Vagna, ts structure, topography, connectons.

11.            External sex organs.

12.            Pubc.

13.            Vagnal openng.

14.            Labum mnus and labum majus.

15.            Vagna vestbule.

16.            Mnus and majus glands of vestbule.

17.            Cltor, structure, corpus cavernosus.

18.            Vestbular bulbus.

19.            Hymen.

20.            Female urethral track, structure, topography, ostum.

21.            Sphncters of female urethra track.

22.            Urethra wall structure.

23.            Whch formatons are vsble n X-ray magne of kdneys and urnary ways?

24.            Metrosalpngography.

25.            Dfferences between male and female urethrae.

26.            Perneum n general and partcular mportance.

27.            Borders and trangles of perneum.

28.            Structure of urogental daphragm. Muscles and fasca.

29.            Structure of pelvc daphragm. Muscles and fasca.

30.            Adpose tssue space of perneum. schorectal fossa.

 

II.               Seminar discussion 12:30 am 14:00 pm (2 hours)

 

1) Test evaluation and situational tasks

1. A 65 years old man appealed to doctor with acute retention of urine. The examination revealed an obstruction of urethra, which was caused by pathology of organ surrounding it. What is this organ?

A.   Spermatic cord.

B.   Testicle.

C.   Seminal vesicles.

D.   Prostate gland.

E.    Epidydimis.

2. A man 40 years old appealed a doctor with complaints of the presence of painful tumor in area of scrotum. A doctor diagnosed is hydrocele of testicle. Between what suits of testicle does a liquid accumulate at this disease?

A.   Between external seminal fascia and fascia of cremaster muscle.

B.   Between a skin and tunica dartos.

C.   Between a tunica dartos and external seminal fascia.

D.   Between the parietal and visceral lamina of vaginal tunic.

E.    Between internal seminal fascia and vaginal tunic.

3. A man 75 years old entered urology department with complaints of the expressed pain at the hypogastric region, absence of urine, impossibility of urination. At examination an urologist revealed a diagnosis\: adenoma (benign tumor of prostate gland). The catheterization of urinary bladder was indicated. What is the sequence of passing of catheter through the parts of urethra?

A.   Membranous, prostatic, spongy.

B.   Spongy, prostatic, membranous.

C.   Membranous, spongy, prostatic.

D.   Prostatic, membranous, spongy.

E.    Spongy, membranous, prostatic.

4. A man has a tumor of posterior wall of urinary bladder. What organs can be engaged in a process?

A.   Rectum, prostate gland.

B.   Prostate gland.

C.   Rectum, seminal vesicles, ampule of ejaculatory duct.

D.   Male urethra.

E.    Cowper's (bulbourethral) glands.

5. A patient 20 years old appealed to the policlinic with complaints of burning and purulent excretions during urination. For confirmation of diagnosis the bacterial inoculation from a urethra is appointed. Doctor doing this inoculation, takes mucus from a navicular fossa. In what part of urethra is this fossa located?

A.   Cavernous.

B.   Spongy.

C.   Prostatic.

D.   Membranous.

E.    Bulbar.

6. A patient 35 years old entered obstetric department with the symptoms of "acute abdomen" and suspicion on extrauterine pregnancy. Where will blood accumulate at the rupture of salpinx?

A.   In a vesicouterine cavity.

B.   In a rectouterine cavity.

C.   In a rectovesical cavity.

D.   In a right lateral canal.

E.    In the left lateral canal.

 

III.           Independent students work 14:15pm 15:00 pm

Initial level of knowledge and skills are checked by solving situational tasks for each topic, answers in test evaluations and constructive questions.

(the instructor has tests & situational tasks)

 

Student should know:

Female reproductive system. Structure, position and function of ovary. Uterus development, shape, parts, structure and topography. Uterine tubes. Structure and topography of vagina, external reproductive organs and urethra. Topography of small pelvis organs on female. Perineal muscles and fasciae on male and female. Radiograph anatomy of urinary and reproductive organs.

 

Student should be able to:

1.                 Show ovaries (medial and lateral surface, free margin and mesenteric margin, uterine extremity and tubarius extremity)

2.                 Show proper ovaric ligament and suspensory ovaric ligament

3.                 Show uterine tubes (uterine part, isthmus, ampulla, infundibulum)

4.                 Show fundus, body and neck of uterus

5.                 Show endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium

6.                 Show ligamentum uteri latum

7.                 Show ligamentum teres [round] uteri

8.                 Show urogenital triangle and posterior anal triangle of perineum

9.                 Show ischioanal [ischiorectal] fossa

 

Correct answers of test evaluations and situational tasks:

1.     D. 2. D. 3. E. 4. C. 5. B. 6. B.

 

References:

) basic

 

1.     Atlas of Human Anatomy/ Frank H. Netter,- 5 edition, - 2011 by Saunders, an Imprint of Elsevior Inc.

2.     Gray's Anatomy for Students: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 2e, - 2010. 2092 p. Richard L. Drake Ph.D, A. Wayne Vogl, Adam W.M. Mitchell, Printed in Canada.

3.      Materials preparation for lectures

http://intranet.tdmu.edu.ua/data/kafedra/internal/index.php?&path=anatomy/lectures_stud/en/med/lik/ptn/1/

4.     Materials preparation for practical classes

http://intranet.tdmu.edu.ua/data/kafedra/internal/index.php?&path=anatomy/classes_stud/en/med/lik/ptn/1/

    b) additional

1.     Human anatomy & physiology /Elaine N. Marieb, Katja Hoehn., San Francisco : Benjamin Cummings, c2010., 8th ed.

2.     F.H. Netter. Atlas of Human Anatomy. Cba Pharmaceutcals Dvson, 1994. 514 p.

3.     Synelnkov R.D. The atlas of anatomy of the man. n 4-th volumes. -: Medcna, 1991.

4.     Reminetskyy B.Y., Fedonyuk Y.I. Human anatomy. Notes. 136 p.

5.     Lectures.

 

 

Methodical instruction has been worked out by: Galytska-Harhalys O.Ya

 

The instruction was discussed and confirmed at the department meeting

25.06.2012. Protocol number 11